Material Connexion- the self-proclaimed largest database of materials library and references has given a little taste of some of the latest materials out in the market today, a few items to check out:
durable ceramic-like roofing material made from carbon and soil..
non-toxic building insulation made from hemp and flax (not glass fiber or mineral wool), absorbs and releases moisture easily and has Euroclass E fire rating and not attractive to pests or rodents..
hexagonal aluminum honeycomb cast in resin, the surface of these resin panels are gouged with a CNC router, with no standard sheet sizes, they can be easily used for doors, sliding doors, and some horizontal surfaces.
FSC-certified cellulose wood veneer that can be used for sound absorbtion when applied to a substrate, has no VOC's or formaldehyde- it's water repellent, and resistant to scratching/abrasion..
and last but not least, some interesting uses of the most common building material: bricks...
(images above from architonic)